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Topic: Literature (169 records)

Národní listy

Czech political liberal daily newspaper published from 1861 to 1941. One of the most significant dailies of the second half of the 19th century.

Božena Němcová

Czech writer, regarded as the founder of modern Czech prose. Her narratives captivated several generations of readers. Her portrait features on the 500 crown bank note.

Jan Neruda

Writer and poet, who left trace in the history of Czech literature primarily as the author of Tales of the Little Quarter (Povídky malostranské, 1878) and several books of poetry. He became the leader of the generation which in the spring of 1858 in the almanac May (Máj) collectively declared adherence to the legacy of K. H. Mácha.

Stanislav Kostka Neumann

Poet, journalist and translator connected with several social movements: anarchism, socialism, communism and Stalinism. In literature, he was a prominent representative of decadence, then vitalism, civilism and later also proletarian literature.

Vítězslav Nezval

A versatile artist: poet, prose writer, dramatist, librettist, essayist, screenwriter and translator. One of the most distinguished Czech poets of the first half of the 20th century and the Avant-Garde movement.

Tereza Nováková

Prose author who wrote about life in eastern Bohemia. She is one of the prominent representatives of Czech realism and women’s emancipation movement.

Ivan Olbracht

A left-wing writer and journalist, an iconic author of official literature after the Second World War. Prose works set in Subcarpathian Rus’ represent the culmination of his work.

Old Church Slavonic literature

The oldest surviving literature on the Czech territory, whose creation is connected with the activities of Saints Cyril and Methodius, which began in 863. The literature was written in Old Church Slavonic, the oldest Slavonic literary language.

Oldřich Mikulášek

Poet and journalist, one of the most significant figures of Czech literature of the second half of the 20th century, whose poetry is difficult classify with respect to its style and genre.

Olšany villa

Family villa which became a centre of Czech anarchists and bohemians in the early 20th century, and in which a new artistic generation appeared, led by Stanislav Kostka Neumann.

Jiří Orten

Poet whose work had an immense significance for Czech poetry. He was influenced by existentialism, but soon created his own specific poetics.

Jan Otto

Successful bookseller and publisher from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A patriot and entrepreneur, acknowledged by many European monarchs. He published Otto’s Encyclopaedia (Ottův slovník naučný), the largest printed Czech encyclopaedia ever and one of the largest in the world.

Palaverer (palavering)

Term originating in Bohumil Hrabal’s works. It denotes a person who likes to embellish reality, a day-dreamer who lives half in an imaginary and half in the real world.

Vladimír Páral

Prose writer whose works are mostly set in the industrial region of northern Bohemia. The quality of his works is very diverse: from social satire to schematic regime works and fantasy.

Ota Pavel

Prose writer, journalist and sports reporter who became famous for collections of autobiographical stories Death of Beautiful Deer (Smrt krásných srnců) and Jak jsem potkal ryby (How I Met Fish).

Antonín Matěj Píša

Literary and theatre critic, poet, historian and editor, a foremost programmatic spokesperson for the proletarian literature of the early 20th century.


Specific Czech avant-garde movement founded by theoretician of modern art Karel Teige and poet Vítězslav Nezval, who sought to create a new way of understanding the world.

Karel Poláček

Czech writer, humourist, journalist and film director of Jewish descent. He belonged to the authors of the “Lidové noviny school”, who used a documentary and journalistic approach in their works.

Gabriela Preissová

Dramatist, writer, dramaturg of the National Theatre. The operatic version by the composer Leoš Janáček of the original realist drama Její pastorkyňa brought her work worldwide fame.


Children’s comic magazine, published from 1935 to 1942 in Prague as entertainment literature with written adventure stories. It was the first to publish the best hand-coloured photographs by its readers.

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