Language: CZ | Simple Czech | EN | RU

Topic: Geology and morphology (15 records)


A type of mountains characteristic of the Central European Carpathians, in the Czech Republic represented by the Moravian-Silesian Beskydy. They also appear in Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine.

Bohemian garnets

Gemstones from the Central Bohemian Highlands, with a characteristic dark red colour. They have been regarded as the mineralogical symbol of Bohemia and Bohemian jewellery-making since the 19th century.

Bohemian Karst

One of the largest karst areas in the Czech Republic. It is located in the Central Bohemia Region and apart from beautiful karst formations it is also known for fossils.

Central Bohemian Highlands

A popular volcanic mountain range in the Podkrušnohorská area in northern Bohemia. The Central Bohemian Highlands Protected Landscape Area is a part of it.


Important strategic resource, in the Czech Republic mined especially in the Karviná and Most regions.


Precious bright yellow metal which is highly valued in many cultures. There are gold deposits in the Czech Republic.

Krkonoše National Park and Biosphere Reserve

Unique geological and botanical strip of Czech-Polish borderland mountains. Its centre is Vrchlabí. It has been listed as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve site since 1992.

Lord's Rock

National nature monument, unique example of columnar basalt and the oldest protected geological formation on the territory of the Czech Republic.


Authentic Czech rock with a unique green colour, used for jewellery. They are the only green tektites in the world and their richest deposits are located in southern Bohemia, in the basin of the river Vltava.

Moravian Karst

The largest and probably the most beautiful karst area in the Czech Republic. It has many accessible caves, karst formations, cultural monuments and also the deepest abyss in the Czech Republic – Macocha.


Stone used for building historically important Czech buildings, such as the Rotunda on Říp Mountain and Saint George’s Basilica at Prague Castle. Its yellowish colour motivated the nickname “Golden Prague”.


The fifth highest mountain in the Czech Republic and the highest mountain of Moravia and Silesia. It is popular with tourists. There is a television transmitter there with an observatory, which is the highest point in the Czech Republic in general.

Říp Mountain

A mountain and one of the most important locations and symbols in Czech history.


One of the most popular precious metals. The town of Stříbro (“silver”) was named after it, as one of the oldest places in the Czech Republic where silver was mined; silver mining was recorded there as early as the 12th century.


Radioactive element known for its use in nuclear bombs and nuclear power stations. It used to be one of the most important strategic resources in socialist Czechoslovakia. It was mined in inhumane conditions by political prisoners.

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