Language: CZ | Simple Czech | EN | RU

Topic: Myths and legends (14 records)

Blaník knights

Legend about brave defenders of the Czech land, an army hidden in Blaník mountain, which helps the Czech people in times of their greatest need.

Czechs are laughing beasts

An alleged statement about Czechs made by the Deputy Protector of Bohemia and Moravia Reinhard Heydrich. According to tradition, it was meant to refer to poignant and dangerous Czech humour.

Čelákovice vampires

Skeletal remains from the town of Čelákovice (district Prague-East) dating from the 13th – 14th century that were erroneously considered to be results of anti-vampiric measures in a Medieval graveyard. They were in fact people who did not have a right to ordinary burial.

Dark Age

A term denoting the period between 1620 and 1781 marked by a lack of religious freedoms. It can also mean other periods of oppression and lack of freedom.

Christian’s legend

Latin document about the beginnings of Christianity and the first Czech saints. It is one of the most important sources of information about the early Bohemian state.

Legend of Saint Catherine

Important work of Czech hagiographic literature. The text is written in Czech and significantly differs from other works of that type and from that time, since it was intended for court audience.

Legend of Saint Procopius

Czech version of the Latin prose legend Vita sancti Procopii maior. The legend contains important historical memories of Church Slavonic culture, connected here with the motif of the defence of the Czech tradition against German influence.

Myth of the Munich treachery

A common belief in the devastating importance of the so-called Munich Agreement signed on 30 September 1938 in Munich, Germany.


Slavonic pagan god of thunder. He was the highest god of the Slavonic pantheon.

Procopius (Bohemian saint)

A priest, hermit, founder and the first abbot of Sázava Monastery. He is one of the patron saints of the Czech lands.

Říp Mountain

A mountain and one of the most important locations and symbols in Czech history.

Saint Ludmila of Bohemia

The first baptised Bohemian Princess. Grandmother and custodian to Saint Wenceslas. She was strangled by assassins hired by her daughter-in-law Drahomíra, probably in 921.

Jan Sarkander

Roman Catholic priest working in Moravia. Tortured by Protestant officials during religious conflicts at the beginning of the Thirty Years’ War. Canonised in 1995. He is probably the most controversial saint of the Czech lands.

Zdislava of Lemberk (Czech saint)

Noblewoman who contributed to the expansion of the Dominican order in the Czech lands. She is a Czech saint and a patron of families, the congregation of Dominican sisters, the Liberec diocese and the Liberec Region.

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