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Topic: Inventions (11 records)

Stanislav Brebera

Czech physicist and chemist, inventor of Semtex, orange plastic explosive, one of the most famous Czech products.

Jaroslav Heyrovský

Czech physical chemist and inventor, author of the polarographic and electroanalytical methods. The first Czech to be awarded a Nobel Prize. He had a major influence on physical chemistry in Czechoslovakia and in the world.

Antonín Holý

World acclaimed Czech scientist who developed drugs for treating patients infected with HIV and suffering from AIDS.

Mojmír Petráň

Czech scientist and inventor of the revolutionary (confocal) microscope, which contributed to the development of molecular cell biology. It allows for observation of live tissues without the need to cut them. He is an honorary member of the Royal Microscopical Society in Oxford.


Polarography is a queen among analytical methods. It is used everywhere when it is necessary to determine the composition or content of various substances.

Josef Ressel

Versatile inventor of Czech-German descent. His name is connected with the discovery of the screw propeller, but he is also famous for other inventions, such as the portable optical field telegraph for the army, liquid compass, pneumatic post, compensating pendulum, and many others.

Erich Roučka

Czech industrialist, engineer and inventor, nicknamed the “Moravian Edison”. He founded the first company manufacturing electrical measuring equipment in Central Europe.


An invention by Václav and František Veverka that made ploughing easier for millions of people around the world.

Soft contact lenses

One of the most famous Czech inventions, used by more than 100 million people around the world. They were designed by the Czech inventor Otto Wichterle, who created the first lenses using a Merkur construction kit.

Sugar cube

Invention patented in 1843 by Jakub Kryštof Rad, director of a sugar factory.

Václav Prokop Diviš

Czech Catholic priest, natural scientist and inventor. While trying to prevent a storm, he unwittingly created the first grounded lightning rod.

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