Czech right-wing politician, journalist and publisher, one of the “founding founders” of Czechoslovakia. He significantly contributed to the Czechoslovak public and political life during the First and Second Republic. He was a minister in several Czechoslovak governments. He published seditious newspapers and tabloids. After the Second World War, he was charged with collaboration
German fascist party founded during the First Republic. It advocated the autonomy of Sudetenland.
Czech philosopher, cultural theoretician, journalist and commentator of public affairs. Important representative of Czech Marxist humanism and philosophical anthropology. Author of important essays on the intellectual legacy of Czech history.
Czechoslovak general. President of Czechoslovakia between 1968 and 1975. He did not manage to protect some of the victims of purges after the Prague Spring.
Czech lawyer, participant of the first and the second resistance, Chancellor under three Czechoslovak presidents.
Czechoslovak politician, journalist and founder of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.
A prominent Czech politician who held the post of Prime Minister of the Czech Republic between 2002 and 2004, as well as of a European Commissioner.
A Roman Catholic priest and a Czechoslovak politician, founder of the Czechoslovak People’s Party. During the Second World War, he was the Prime Minister of the Czechoslovak government-in-exile in London.
Czechoslovak politician and physician, one of the “founding founders” and an important interwar Czechoslovak politician of Slovak descent. From 1935 he worked as a professor of social medicine at Comenius University in Bratislava.
Slovak astronomer, diplomat and politician, one of the founders of Czechoslovakia and the first Czechoslovak minister of defence.
Marxist-Leninist journalist and literary critic, one of the leading representatives of the socialist-realist concept of literature and Stalinist (Zhdanov’s) view of art. After the 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état, he was a member of the National Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia.
One of the most important politicians of interwar Czechoslovakia, affiliated with the agrarian party. He was the Prime Minister in three Czechoslovak governments (1922–1929).
Czech-American economist and university teacher.
Czechoslovak journalist and communist politician, member of the National Assembly, participant of the Slovak National Uprising, during which he died.
Resistance against the communist rule. The longest resistance in the history of Czechoslovakia, lasting from 1948 to the Velvet Revolution in 1989.
Political form and organisation of post-war Czechoslovakia between May 1945 and February 1948. Its general character was marked by a dominant role of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and unambiguous orientation towards the Soviet Union.
A sentence spoken by Václav Havel during the Velvet Revolution. It became a symbol of the democratic political transformation, but after a while it also became a source of a social controversy.
A motto that has been a part of the standard of the President of the Czech Republic since 1920. The motto’s author is the reform preacher Jan Hus.
Journalist and publicist, philosopher, assembly deputy in 1990–1992. A prominent Czech left-wing intellectual. He has focused on the protection of human rights and environmental protection all his life. He was a signatory of Charter 77 and later he was affiliated with the Green Party.
A former academic institution, focusing between 1961 and 1974 on educating foreign students, especially from the countries of the so-called Third World. The university was an important place for making international contacts and a uniquely multicultural environment.
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