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Topic: Scientists (27 records)

Václav Bělohradský

One of the most distinguished contemporary Czech philosophers and sociologists, who lives in Italy and the Czech Republic. A student of Jan Patočka.

Václav Černý

Literary historian, critic and essayist, comparatist, expert in Romance studies and translator. He participated in the renewal of interest in Baroque culture and other literary and social activities.

Václav Dolejšek

Czech natural scientist, physicist and teacher in the area of x-ray spectroscopy and nuclear physics, founder of the Spectroscopic Institute at Charles University.

Eduard Goldstücker

Czechoslovak German studies expert, literary historian and critic, diplomat in Czechoslovakia and Great Britain.

Antonín Holý

World acclaimed Czech scientist who developed drugs for treating patients infected with HIV and suffering from AIDS.

Aleš Hrdlička

World-famous Czech physician and anthropologist, who spent most of his life in the USA but was always a Czech patriot and a patron of anthropological research in Czechoslovakia.

Jiří Josef Kamel

Czech Jesuit, missionary, explorer and most of all pharmacist, healer and botanist. Camellia flowers were named after him.

Zdeněk Kopal

Czech-American mathematician, astronomer and astrophysicist, who was also well-known in the fields of ballistics and aerodynamics. He became famous for studying the Moon and eclipsing binary stars.

Jan Marek Marci

Prominent Czech polyhistorian, scientist, physician, physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher of the era after the Battle of White Mountain, nicknamed “Prague Hippocrates”, “Bohemian Galileo Galilei”, “Bohemian Plato” and “Archimedes from Landskron”. He discovered the dispersion of light and was the first to write about the wave-line nature of light.

Gregor Mendel

Botanist, teacher and abbot of the Augustinian monastery in Brno. Discoverer of the principles of heredity, which became the basis for genetics. He proved that traits are passed on from parents to descendants in a mathematically predictable way.

Alois Musil

Czech Catholic priest, theologian, expert in Biblical studies, explorer, ethnographer and writer, the most important European orientalist and Arabist of his time.

Antonín Novotný (actor)

Czech film actor from the 1930s and 1940s, who played roles of lovers, and Czech-German chemist who worked with NASA on the development of the space shuttle.

Mojmír Petráň

Czech scientist and inventor of the revolutionary (confocal) microscope, which contributed to the development of molecular cell biology. It allows for observation of live tissues without the need to cut them. He is an honorary member of the Royal Microscopical Society in Oxford.

Antonín Matěj Píša

Literary and theatre critic, poet, historian and editor, a foremost programmatic spokesperson for the proletarian literature of the early 20th century.

Jiří Přibáň

Czech lawyer and sociologist working in Great Britain.

Karel Raška

Famous Czechoslovak physician. Founder of modern epidemiology in Czechoslovakia and creator of the concept of disease surveillance, which the World Health Organisation began using in 1968 as one of its fundamental methods.

Benedikt Roezl

Czech explorer, botanist, gardener and collector nicknamed “the orchid hunter” and “the king of orchids”.

Josef Sekyra

Czech geologist, rock climber, adventurer, polar explorer and an internationally acknowledged scientist. In 1969, he became the first Czechoslovak to reach the South Pole.

Miloslav Stingl

Czech explorer, adventurer, ethnographer, writer and documentarist, the honorary chief of the Kickapoo tribe.

František Xaver Šalda

Literary, theatre and art critic, essayist, writer and dramatist, a leading figure of Czech Modernism. He advocated the independence of art from non-aesthetic connections and the idea of criticism as a creative activity.

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