King of Bohemia, Hungary and King of the Romans 1438–1439, Duke of Austria in 1404–1439. He was the second member of the House of Habsburg on the Bohemian throne, after Rudolph I.
Ancient trade route connecting northern Europe and the Mediterranean (northern Italy). The name is derived from amber (fossilised tree resin), which was one of its main commodities.
Daughter of Charles IV, Queen of England between 1382 and 1394. She was the only English ruler from Bohemia. Because of her kindness and grace, in the English folk tradition she is known as the “good Queen Anna”.
The study of the material sources about the first significant and stable state formation of the West Slavs, which appeared in the 9th century.
Study of the material culture of people that arrived on the Czech territory especially from the 6th century and which the modern Czech nation identifies as the basis of its ethnic origin.
A battle between the Hussite armies and the participants of the fourth anti-Hussite crusade, which took place on 14 August 1431 between the towns of Domažlice and Kdyně. The crusaders’ crushing defeat paved the way for peace negotiations and the end to the Hussite Wars.
A battle between the armies of Duke of Bohemia Soběslav I and King of the Romans Lothair III that took place on 18 February 1126 near a fort in the Chlumec municipality, near Ústí nad Labem. One of the most famous battles in the period of the Duchy of Bohemia.
One of the most famous battles of the Hussite Wars. It took place on 14 June 1420 on Vítkov Hill near Prague and, in spite of the small number of participants, it contributed significantly to the failure of the first crusade against the Hussites.
Famous battle that took place on 26 August 1278, in which the King of Bohemia Ottokar II was defeated and killed. Thus ended his attempt at building a strong empire in Central Europe.
Duke of Bohemia in 935–967/972. Due to numerous acts of cruelty, including the murder of his brother Saint Wenceslaus, he was nicknamed “the Cruel”. His strong, almost 40-year-long rule contributed to the preservation of Bohemia.
Duke of Bohemia in 967/972–999. After initial successes, his government eventually led Bohemia to its first large crisis.
Duke of Bohemia between 999 and 1002 and briefly again in 1003. His rule by force and dependence on other rulers deepened the crisis in Bohemia at the turn of the century.
Duke of Poland between 992 and 1025 and the first King of Poland in 1025. In 1003 and 1004 he was also Duke of Bohemia. He was one of the most significant medieval rulers of Poland and at the turn on the millennia he also strongly influenced Czech history.
The first historically attested Duke of Bohemia from the Přemyslid dynasty. He accepted Christianity and laid the foundations of medieval Bohemia.
Duke of Bohemia from 1100 until 1107 and from 1117 until 1120. His reign marked the beginning of a long struggle for the throne between the members of the House of Přemyslid, with increasing interventions by the Roman rulers.
Duke of Bohemia from 1034 until 1055, known as “Bohemian Achilles” because of his gallantry. He is one of the most important reformers of early medieval Bohemia.
Duke of Bohemia from 1092 until 1100, the first of the four sons of Vratislaus II, who took the ducal throne in the following decades.
Administrative system in Bohemia from the 10th until the first half of the 13th century consisting of a system of ducal castles. A similar system existed in Hungary and Poland as well.
The process of settling the previously uninhabited parts of Bohemia and Moravia in the 12th and 13th centuries, which marked a fundamental quantitative and qualitative changes in the local population. It also laid the foundation of the current system of Czech villages and towns.
Duke of Bohemia in 1092. Even several decades before his reign, he significantly interfered with the politics of the Duchy.
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