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Topic: History (289 records)

Castle system

Administrative system in Bohemia from the 10th until the first half of the 13th century consisting of a system of ducal castles. A similar system existed in Hungary and Poland as well.

Celts in the Czech lands

Peoples that were dominant on the Czech territory from the 5th century BC to the 1st century BC. The Czech lands are traditionally regarded as one of the cradles of the Celtic peoples.

Cistercians in the Czech lands

The second oldest religious order in the Czech lands. There are currently several men’s and women’s Cistercian communities, of both strict and moderate observance.

Colonisation of the Czech lands in the Middle Ages

The process of settling the previously uninhabited parts of Bohemia and Moravia in the 12th and 13th centuries, which marked a fundamental quantitative and qualitative changes in the local population. It also laid the foundation of the current system of Czech villages and towns.

John Amos Comenius

A pioneer in pedagogy, a great figure of the Czech protestant literary baroque and the last bishop of the Unity of the Brethren. He is considered the founder of modern pedagogy and called “the teacher of nations”.

Conrad I of Brno

Duke of Bohemia in 1092. Even several decades before his reign, he significantly interfered with the politics of the Duchy.

Conrad II Otto

Duke of Bohemia between 1189 and 1191 and one of the most distinct figures from the line of Moravian Přemyslids.

Matthias Corvinus

Hungarian king from 1458 to 1490, from 1469 also King of Bohemia. One of the most famous of Hungarian kings, who also ruled the Czech lands for 30 years as an opponent of George of Poděbrady and Vladislaus Jagiellon.

Crusades and the Czech lands

Medieval religious wars sponsored by the Catholic Church and waged against members of other religions and heretics. Soldiers from the Czech lands participated in many of them, but in the 15th century Bohemian itself was the target of crusaders.

Cyril and Methodius

Brothers from Thessalonica who created the first Slavonic script, the Glagolitic alphabet, and made Old Church Slavonic a liturgical language, used in the previously exclusively Latin service. Thus they created the foundations of Slavonic literacy and culture. They are patron saints of Moravia.

Czech Benedictines

The oldest Roman Catholic order in the Czech lands. It built magnificent and architecturally valuable monasteries. They have their communities in Rajhrad, in the Břevnov district of Prague and in the Emmaus Monastery in Prague.

Czech collaboration 1939–1945

Activities of Czech citizens that directly supported the ideology of the Third Reich. Official expressions of a certain part of the Czech media and political representation providing the German war effort the appearance of the legitimacy and local support.

Czech Dominicans

The Dominican Order came to the Czech lands in the first half of the 13th century and significantly contributed to the development of urban areas at the time. There are currently six Dominican monasteries in the Czech Republic.

Czech Enlightenment

Czech version of the most significant international intellectual movement of the second half of the 18th century. Enlightenment ideals formed the first generation of National Revivalists and allowed for laying the foundations of modern Czech language and critical historiography.

Czech historiography of the 20th century

Period of the greatest development of Czech historiography. In the 20th century, independent Czech historiography dealt with many topics in politics, public discussions and interest, and defined the way the Czech civil society created its historical memory.

Czech libraries

Institutions that have a long history in the Czech lands. The network of Czech libraries is one of the most peculiar in the world.

Czech National Revival

Process of formation and emancipation of the modern Czech nation, which took place in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Czech Salesians

Order dedicated to working with children, present on the Czech territory since 1927. There are many Salesian centres and youth clubs in the Czech Republic.

Czech-Austrian Settlement

The principal demand by Czech political elite from the final third of the 19th century to the First World War, which aimed at solving the problem of unequal position of the Czech people in Austria-Hungary. Failure to meet the demand significantly influenced the attitude of Czechs towards the Monarchy.

Czech-German language dispute

One of the main conflicts between Czechs and Germans in the Czech lands in the second half of the 19th century and the first quarter of the 20th century. It aggravated the relations between the two peoples and eventually contributed to the disintegration of Austria-Hungary.

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