Prose writer and poet, one of the most famous representatives of Realism in Czech literature, author of the so-called country prose. He realistically depicted life in the Podkrkonoší region and the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands.
Poet, translator and graphic artist. His works, motivated by countryside, tends towards Christian religion and is saturated by images from the Bible and motifs of longing.
Fictional club of five boys from books and comics by Jaroslav Foglar. One of the biggest phenomena of Czech comics and popular culture.
Independent literature that appeared in Czechoslovakia shortly after the communist coup in February 1948 (underground, surrealists) and became especially widespread during the period of normalisation in the 1970s and 1980s. It was a part of independent culture and an expression of independent and free thinking.
Czech portrait photographer and former manager and partner of the photographer Jan Saudek.
Poet, writer, journalist, translator, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1984) and a leading representative of Czech avant-garde. He was one of the founders of Poetism. He had a complicated relationship with the communist regime. He was one of the signatories of Charter 77.
Poet, prose writer and author of children’s poetry who wrote about moral questions of human existence, Moravia and coexistence of man and nature.
Poet, publicist and publisher of the magazine Lumír. He translated into Czech almost all the works by William Shakespeare. Themes from works of the Ruch and Lumír generation appear in his works. He is regarded as the founder of modern Czech poetry for children.
Czech poet and prose writer, whose multiple talent allowed him to combine in his works a wide range of styles that were used in the Czech cultural environment from 1890s until the First World War.
Writer, publicist, translator and lawyer. His work reflects the development of Czech literature from the late Romanticism of the May School to the inter-war Social Realism.
Czech explorer, adventurer, ethnographer, writer and documentarist, the honorary chief of the Kickapoo tribe.
Dramatist, first dramaturg of the National Theatre in Prague, writer, advocate of theatre realism, one of the first Czech authors of social-critical dramas.
Czech fine arts and literary association of the second generation of Czech symbolists active between 1910 and 1912, whose members were interested in man’s inner condition, were influenced by occultism and magic and tried to capture higher consciousness.
Writer, journalist and founder of the Czech village novel. She led the Czech women’s rights movement in its beginnings.
Literary, theatre and art critic, essayist, writer and dramatist, a leading figure of Czech Modernism. He advocated the independence of art from non-aesthetic connections and the idea of criticism as a creative activity.
Writer, screenwriter, essayist and publisher who founded with his wife the famous exile publishing company Sixty-Eight Publishers in Toronto. As a writer, he became famous primarily for his novel The Cowards (Zbabělci), banned by censorship soon after its release.
Poet, prose and drama writer and publicist who had a great influence on the development of Czech literature in early 20th century. He is one of the founders of modern Czech poetic language.
Dramatist, translator and theatre director who shaped the national revivalist theatre in the first half of the 19th century.
Marxist-Leninist journalist and literary critic, one of the leading representatives of the socialist-realist concept of literature and Stalinist (Zhdanov’s) view of art. After the 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état, he was a member of the National Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia.
Painter and graphic artist, the most important representative of interwar avant-garde and Surrealism in Czech culture, co-founder of surrealist groups and of Artificialism (together with Toyen). He also worked as a photographer.
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