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Topic: Science and technology (306 records)

NW Type S

The first car to use the original construction from Kopřivnice.

NW Type T

Czechoslovak luxury car produced from 1914 in the factory later known as Tatra. It is one of the most successful model of the car maker and was produced until 1926.

NW Type U / Tatra 10

One of the first cars in the world with brakes on all four wheels.

Old Town Bridge in Děčín

Important 15th-century industrial and cultural monument in Děčín. It is decorated by sculptures of Saint John of Nepomuk, Saint Vitus and Saint Wenceslas.

Old Town Water Tower

One of the oldest buildings of its kind in Europe, now a cultural monument of the Czech Republic.

Ondřejov Observatory

Observatory with the largest telescope in the Czech Republic. The observatory established the trajectory and origin of the Chelyabinsk meteor.

Orličan L-40 Meta Sokol

Simple, light and economic sports four-seat aircraft. It holds several Czechoslovak and world records.

Orlík dam and hydroelectric power station

An important part of the Vltava cascade, which plays a major role in controlling the flow of the Vltava river. It was awarded a gold medal at EXPO 58.


Czechoslovak-Polish wheeled armoured transporter from the era of the Cold War. At the time of construction, it was one of the most advanced vehicle of its kind.

Jan Otto

Successful bookseller and publisher from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A patriot and entrepreneur, acknowledged by many European monarchs. He published Otto’s Encyclopaedia (Ottův slovník naučný), the largest printed Czech encyclopaedia ever and one of the largest in the world.

Oldřich Pelčák

The second Czechoslovak cosmonaut. However, he did not have an opportunity to fly into space. He actively popularised cosmonautics.

Jan Perner

Czech railway engineer, inventor and builder of railway lines. He entered the history of Czech transportation as the builder of the first Czech steam railway.

Mojmír Petráň

Czech scientist and inventor of the revolutionary (confocal) microscope, which contributed to the development of molecular cell biology. It allows for observation of live tissues without the need to cut them. He is an honorary member of the Royal Microscopical Society in Oxford.

Petřín funicular

Surface funicular in Prague. It was opened in the late 19th century and it is still functioning as a part of the public transportation system.

Petřín Lookout Tower in Prague

An observation tower on the summit of the Petřín hill, inspired by the Eiffel Tower, a dominating feature of the Prague panorama.

Písek Stone Bridge

The oldest stone bridge in Europe. It was built in Gothic style and contains replicas of Baroque sculptures and a cross from the 18th century.

Antonín Matěj Píša

Literary and theatre critic, poet, historian and editor, a foremost programmatic spokesperson for the proletarian literature of the early 20th century.


Small firearm used by Hussites in the 15th century. The word “pistol” comes from the Czech word píšťala.

Podolí Bridge

A bridge in Písek, where at the end of the Second World War the American army waited for the arrival of the Soviet army.

Podolí waterworks

Prague waterworks with a richly decorated façade, currently functioning as a museum of Prague water-supply engineering and a reserve water storage.

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